A New England state known for its significant Colonial history. In Boston, the Freedom Trail is a walking route of sites related to the American Revolution, including the Bunker Hill Monument, commemorating the war’s first major battle in 1775. Many would guess that Massachusetts is called “the Bay State” because it’s a coastal state and there are a lot of bays; however, it’s not that simple. The Bay City applied to the early settlements of the Plymouth Colony in the years 1620-1628, before the Massachusetts Bay Colony was established. The company that was granted a British Royal Charter to populate the new colonies was called The Massachusetts Bay Company. The Bay Company governed the colonies, now known as New England, from 1629-1684.